“Natural disasters such as floods, cyclones, droughts, earthquakes, etc have been depicting a gradual rise in the past 2 decades accounting for about $250 to $350 billion economic losses each year ” says UN reports.However, the report authors have mentioned that the losses incurred due to climatic conditions is not the whole and sole reason but the inclination in the occurrence of such incidents is due to the weather conditions.Additionally the United Nations have reported that 90% of the major disasters are accounted by the weather related events.
The five countries experiencing the highest disaster rates are the United States (472), China (441), India (288), Philippines (274), and Indonesia, (163).Moreover the reports state that since 1995, weather disasters have killed 606,000 people, left 4.1 billion victims injured, homeless or in need of aid, and accounted for 90 percent of all disasters.
The highest and horrifying events recorded in recent years was faced in 2002 when a drought in India hit about 200 million and a sandstorm in China has affected 100 million. But the standout mega-disaster was Cyclone Nargis, which has killed 138,000 in Myanmar in 2008.Though the geophysical causes such as Volcanoes and earthquakes often make their presence in the news headlines, they only account for 1 in 10 disasters from the database.The complete picture and figures of weather-related disasters are also noted to be on the rise, with an increase of 14% recorded since 1995. Floods are believed to have been the most frequent threat between 1995 and 2005, accounting for 47% of all weather-related disasters; however, storms were the deadliest threat, taking 242,000 lives in the same time period.
” The Human Cost of Weather Related Disasters” – report was published by UN Office for Disaster Risk Reduction (UNISDR) and the Centre for Research on the Epidemiology of Disasters (CRED).The main aim of this report is to bring the impact that climate change has had on the world since the first Climate Change Conference (COP) in 1995 into lime light. UNISDR estimates the disasters cost between US$250 billion and US$300 billion each year, which means a conservative estimate of the damage over the past two decades is $5 trillion.Professor Debarati Guha-Sapir, a co-author of the report stated that such a cost meant it would be harder for developing nations to move out of poverty.
In order to discard such natural disasters and human deaths — scientists suggest that governments should work not only to curtail greenhouse gas emissions but to mitigate disaster risks.